History of Technology
The history of technology has been one of major development. It covers the period from the earliest times to the modern age. The history of technological advancements is a history of invention and technological developments and therefore is among the most important categories of world history. Technology can refer to various ways ranging from simple to complex genetic engineering techniques and technological information technologies which had evolved over the last century.
During the historical times the technological advances were based on agriculture and animal husbandry. Agriculture was based on soil erosion, crop rotation, fertilizers, irrigation and the like. Animal husbandry focused on animal husbandry, hunting, harnessing of animal power and the use of different animals in different ways. Both agriculture and animal husbandry depended on the animal husbandry process for the agricultural productivity. The agricultural products, like grains, cereals, livestock, etc., were used for food production while animals such as livestock, deer, buffalo, sheep, etc., were used in the domestic economy.
During the ancient time, the development of agriculture and animal husbandry had its own problems which required a lot of care and expertise to be successful. In addition, there was no easy access to knowledge and capital resources available during this time. There were also major challenges such as population increase and natural disasters. Due to these major difficulties, the major innovations such as plowing, scythe, ploughshare, hoe, harrow, scissor and plowshare took place.
Another of the major technological advances was the development of the textile industry, which became the most popular source of livelihood after the agricultural and animal husbandry industries. The textile industry also depended on agricultural products like cotton and wool. In addition, the industry needed to compete with other industries such as steel and iron. During the industrial revolution, the importance of coal, petroleum and iron rose while the importance of paper declined. This left a major gap in the industrial sector, which was to be filled by railways and steam powered machines.
A great revolution occurred after the Industrial Revolution when electricity developed and was widely available in the market. Electricity became an important part of our daily life as it was used for lighting, cooling, heating, etc. and it was also widely used for domestic purposes like washing clothes and cooking. The industrialists who had a huge investment in the textile industry had to use this source of power very efficiently and to meet their demand for labor.
A second major innovation was the development of the electric motor itself was another form of a mechanical device. It could be considered as one of the major technological breakthrough because it was the first one that made a significant change in the way how things were done. The use of steam engines to produce power for the engine meant that the whole process was simplified and the efficiency and speed of production increased dramatically.
During the second half of the 19th century, the growth of large-scale industry in the United States saw the growth of electrical communication. A lot of research work had to be done to develop new methods to transmit information faster and more effectively across a wide geographical area. The communication revolution of this period involved the development of the telegraph, radio and television.
Since the 19th century, the world has witnessed the growth of automobiles as a result of technological progress. The use of cars as a source of transportation paved the way for the transportation of goods and commodities by rail and air. With the advent of automobiles and the need to travel through railways, air, trains, trucks and aircraft has become a common phenomenon.